Sciences

Amy Allen

Science Lead Teacher

Mrs Amy Allen

The Canandaigua City School District Science Program serves to inspire an enthusiasm for scientific literacy, foster an inquisitive spirit in learners through inquiry-based experiences in real-life contexts, and create a community of scientifically literate individuals who are able to make informed decisions.

Primary Elementary School

Students will become curious and creative learners. We will encourage students to explore their curiosity and also develop their knowledge of scientific skills, processes and concepts at the same time. Science learning will include a mix of teacher presentations, hands-on activities, and laboratory explorations that will help develop students’ critical thinking skills. Our goal is to have students recognize that science is a part of many areas of their lives.

Middle School

Students will become responsible, independent, questioning, creative, and organized learners. We will encourage students to move from curiosity to familiarity and then mastery of scientific skills, processes, concepts, and theories. Students will explore the various disciplines of science through a progression of class presentations, hands-on activities, and laboratory investigations that emphasize scientific processes and develop students’ critical thinking skills. Our goal is to have students recognize that science integrates with mathematics, technology, written language, consumer and career pathways.

Middle School Science Courses

Grade 6

6th grade science is mixture of physical science and life science topics, including topics such as: Ecosystems, Rocks & Minerals, Simple Machines, Human Body Systems and Weather

Grade 7

7th grade science is life science topics such as: ecology, classification, cells, genetics, life processes, etc.

Grade 8

8th grade is physical science.. Topics could include: Meteorology, Astronomy, Density, Rocks and Minerals, Geologic History, etc.

squid disection

High School

Students will become responsible, independent, questioning, creative, and organized learners. We will encourage students to move from curiosity to familiarity and then mastery of scientific skills, processes, concepts, and theories. Students will explore the various disciplines of science through a progression of class presentations, hands-on activities, and laboratory investigations that emphasize scientific processes and develop students’ critical thinking skills. Our goal is to have students recognize that science integrates with mathematics, technology, written language, consumer and career pathways.

High School Science Courses

In order to meet New York State graduation requirements, all students must successfully complete three units of Science and pass at least one science Regents exam. Two of these units of science must be courses that are core-based, with one of these two units in Living Environment. Only core-based courses (those that follow specific NYS curricula and culminate in a Regents Examination) or standards-based courses (designed to align with NYS curricula, have a laboratory component, and culminate in a local final assessment) may be used to meet the science requirement. In order to qualify for a State Science Regents Examination, students in core-based courses must complete hands-on laboratory activities, and have appropriate lab reports totaling 1200 minutes of satisfactory laboratory experience on file. Students may take an elective science course if they have completed their science requirement already or have completed two science units and are concurrently enrolled in a core- or standards-based course for their third unit of science.

Courses marked with an * will have a Regents Exam in June. All of these courses require a double period of instruction every other day unless otherwise noted.

0203 PHYSICAL SETTING/EARTH SCIENCE *

0203 PHYSICAL SETTING/EARTH SCIENCE *

Full Year 1 unit (core) Grades 10-12

Earth science involves the study of astronomy, meteorology, climatology, the geologic history of the earth, and the structural forces that are currently affecting the earth. It is an investigation oriented course whereby students attempt to solve specific problems in the laboratory and, through these solutions, understand the fundamental processes and forces affecting the earth.

0205 ESSENTIALS EARTH SCIENCE *

0205 ESSENTIALS EARTH SCIENCE *

Full Year 1 ½ units (core) Grade 10-12

This class is taught by both a content area and special education teacher and offers more individualized instruction. Students are placed in this course based on ILS scores, teacher recommendation, and IEP. Essentials Earth Science meets for a double period daily. Earth science involves the study of astronomy, meteorology, climatology, the geologic history of the earth, and the structural forces that are currently affecting the earth.

0213 LIVING ENVIRONMENT *

0213 LIVING ENVIRONMENT *

Full Year 1 unit (core) Grades 9-12

Biology is the study of how organisms, from the simple to the complex, conduct the same 8 processes of life and how these processes influence environmental systems. The investigation of life processes includes study of cells, evolution, ecology, genetics, and anatomy and physiology.

0213 ESSENTIALS LIVING ENVIRONMENT *

0213 ESSENTIALS LIVING ENVIRONMENT *

Full Year 1 1/2 units (core) Grade 9-12

This class is taught by both a content area and special education teacher and offers more individualized instruction. Students are placed in this course based on ILS scores, teacher recommendation, and IEP. Essentials Living Environment meets for a double period daily. Students will investigate life processes including study of cells, evolution, ecology, genetics and anatomy and physiology.

0225 HONORS LIVING ENVIRONMENT *

0225 HONORS LIVING ENVIRONMENT *

Full Year 1 unit (core) Grades 9-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of 8th grade Earth Science with an average of 85 or higher and an Earth Science Regents exam score of 80 or higher

This is a Pre-AP/IB course

This course is designated as an enriched alternative to the Living Environment course. Students will take the Living Environment Regents Exam in June. Topics of study include cells, evolution, ecology, genetics, and anatomy and physiology. This course is designed to prepare a student for the rigor of the AP and/or IB level science courses.

0231 AP/IB SL BIOLOGY (FLCC BIO121 & BIO122 – General Biology I and II)

0231 AP/IB SL BIOLOGY (FLCC BIO121 & BIO122 – General Biology I and II)

Possible 8 college credits

Cost: Approximately $91 (AP), IB Subject Fee, $20 (Gemini)

Full Year 1 unit (standards) Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Living Environment and Physical Setting/Chemistry, manifested by a final course grade of an 80% or higher in Living Environment.

This course is designed to provide the above average student with a college level course in biology and to fulfill a college science requirement. Both AP and IB Biology offer a challenging, highly structured laboratory curriculum in biology. Students are expected to take the AP and/or IB SL examination in May. This course can be taken for AP, IB, and/or Gemini credit (which would fulfill a SUNY general education requirement). An IB Group 4 project will be completed in the spring. Students will study classical and modern biology concepts, including evolution, genetics, cellular, molecular biology, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, and ecology.

0222 PHYSICAL SETTING/ CHEMISTRY *

0222 PHYSICAL SETTING/ CHEMISTRY *

Full Year 1 unit (core) Grades 10-12

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Geometry or higher

Regents Chemistry consists of the study of the composition and properties of matter, the changes matter undergoes, the energy involved in these changes, and the ways in which different types of matter interact. Skills in making observations, analyzing data mathematically, solving problems, and drawing conclusions are an integral part of chemistry. Chemistry is an important course for students planning to pursue any science-related career.

0207 CHEM IN ACTION 1 0208 CHEM IN ACTION 2

0207 CHEMISTRY IN ACTION 1

0208 CHEMISTRY IN ACTION 2

Half Year each .5 unit each (standards) Grades 10-12

* Please note that this course is not an approved Science course through the NCAA clearinghouse.

Prerequisite for Chemistry in Action 1: Successful completion of one unit of Living Environment and one unit Physical Setting science.

Prerequisite for Chemistry in Action 2: Successful completion of Chemistry in Action 1 or enrollment in first semester Regents Chemistry with administrative approval.

Chemistry in Action is the study of the properties and reactions of many different types of matter. It involves less theory and fewer mathematical concepts than the Regents Chemistry course. There are no additional lab periods for either of these half year courses.

Chemistry in Action 1 will explore the topics of: the study of the scientific method, types of matter, atomic structure, the periodic table, and acids and bases.

Chemistry in Action 2 will explore the topics of: ionic bonding, covalent bonding, chemical equations and reactions, carbon chemistry and nuclear chemistry.

0223 HONORS PHYSICAL SETTING/CHEMISTRY*

0223 HONORS PHYSICAL SETTING/CHEMISTRY*

Full Year 1 unit (core) Grades 10-12

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Geometry or higher and the successful completion of a Regents science course as evidenced by a grade of at least 85% on the Regents Exam in that course.

This is a Pre-AP/IB course

Honors Chemistry consists of studying the composition and properties of matter, the changes matter undergoes, the energy involved in these changes, and the ways in which different kinds of matter interact. Skills in making observations, analyzing data mathematically, solving problems, and drawing conclusions are an integral part of chemistry. Additional topics and activities included in this accelerated course will facilitate the transition to AP and/or IB courses. Chemistry is an important course for students planning to pursue any science-related career.

0224 ADVANCED PLACEMENT CHEMISTRY

0224 ADVANCED PLACEMENT CHEMISTRY

Possible 3 college credits

Cost: Approximately $91

Full Year 1 unit (standards) Grades 11-12

Prerequisites: Living Environment, Physical Setting/Chemistry, Geometry, and Algebra II. Pre-Calculus or Calculus and Physics beneficial but not required.

Advanced Placement Chemistry is the study of the structure of matter including bonding, kinetic theory of gasses, chemical equilibria, chemical kinetics, solutions, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, nuclear changes and radioactivity, and the basic concepts of thermodynamics. This course is designed to be equivalent to the typical first-year college General Chemistry course. Students are expected to take the AP examination that is offered in May. Projects and laboratory work are an integral part of AP Chemistry.

0232 PHYSICAL SETTING/PHYSICS*

0232 PHYSICAL SETTING/PHYSICS*

Full Year 1 unit (core) Grades 10-12

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Algebra II

Physical Setting/Physics presents a modern view of physics with emphasis placed on the fundamental concepts underlying the basic science. The course is designed to encourage the comprehension of basic concepts such as: the conservation of energy, conservation of momentum, and the conservation of charge in related areas rather than isolation. Laboratory work accompanying each area are an integral part of the basic course.*

0209 CONCEPT. PHYSICS 1 0210 CONCEPT. PHYSICS 2

0209 CONCEPTUAL PHYSICS 1

0210 CONCEPTUAL PHYSICS 2

Half Year each .5 unit each (standards) Grades 11-12

* Please note that this course is not an approved Science course through the NCAA clearinghouse.

Prerequisite for Conceptual Physics 1: Successful completion of one unit of Living Environment and one unit Physical Setting science.

Prerequisite for Conceptual Physics 2: Successful completion of Conceptual Physics 1 or enrollment in first semester Regents Physics with administrative approval.

These two half year courses are designed to give students a comprehensive study of the laws of motion, electricity and other physics topics in a hands-on, non-mathematical approach. Emphasis will be placed on concepts and experiments, as well as on an occasional project. Students need basic skills in algebra, but more importantly, they need to have a genuine curiosity about how the physical world works. Students must also be ready to accept that most of what they think they know about motion, gravity, space, time, energy, light, etc. is wrong. Upon taking these courses, they can walk away with an understanding of everyday phenomena that very few people in the general public have.

Conceptual Physics 1 will include activities and projects such as: studying motion w/ monster trucks; firing air rockets; building mousetrap cars, as well as launching marbles.

Conceptual Physics 2 will include activities and projects such as: designing and conducting their own experiment, dropping eggs, getting shocked, building circuits and solar cars, and studies including magnets and optics.

0235/0236 IB PHYSICS (HL) (co-seated w/ AP Physics)

0235/0236 IB PHYSICS (HL) (co-seated w/ AP Physics)

Possible 4 or 8 college credits

Cost: IB Subject Fee (& optional AP subject fee)

2 Full Years 2 units (standards) Grades 10 through 11 or 11 through 12

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Algebra II or higher

This course is for incoming 11th grade (and potential 10th grade) IB Diploma students wishing to fulfill their Group 4 requirement for an HL science. It is taught over 2 years with a lab period each year. A group 4 project is required for the 1st year and, at the end of the 2nd year, the IB diploma students will take both the IB exam and the NYS Regents Physics exam.

The class is co-seated with AP Physics 1/2; consequently, at the end of each year, students can take the AP1 and AP2 exam respectively and earn up to 4 college credits for each exam.

Students will extensively develop critical thinking, problem solving and experimental skills associated with physics concepts, principles & phenomena. Also stressed is an awareness of the limitations of physics, societal impacts, and responsibilities of scientists.

Units include: measurement, mechanics, fluid & thermal physics, waves, electricity & magnetism, atomic & nuclear physics, and climate change.

0235 AP Physics 1 (co-seated with IB HL Physics)

0235 AP Physics 1 (co-seated with IB HL Physics)

Possible 4 college credits

Cost: Approximately $91

Full Year 1 unit (standards) Grades 10-12

Prerequisite: Regents Chemistry and concurrent registration in Algebra II or higher

This algebra-based introductory physics course is equivalent to a first semester college physics course. Students are assumed to have a strong motivation and proficiency in algebra and trigonometry. Emphasis will be placed on laboratory skills and experimental deign. Units include: measurement, mechanics, waves, and basic electricity. The course will conclude with the AP Physics 1 exam in May for a possible 4 college credits. Students will not be prepared for the Regents exam in June at the conclusion of this course.

0236 AP Physics 2 (co-seated with IB HL Physics)

0236 AP Physics 2 (co-seated with IB HL Physics)

Possible 4 college credits

Cost: Approximately $91

Full Year 1 unit (standards) Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: Regents Physics or AP Physics 1 and concurrent registration in Pre-Calculus or higher.

This algebra-based introductory physics course is equivalent to a second semester college physics course. Students are assumed to have a strong motivation and proficiency in algebra and trigonometry. Emphasis will be placed on laboratory skills and experimental deign. Units include: electricity and magnetism, optics, fluids, thermodynamics, and modern physics. The course will conclude with the AP Physics 2 exam in May for a possible 4 college credits and the Regents Physics exam in June for those students who haven’t taken it previously.

0228 IB ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS AND SOCIETIES (SL)

0228 IB ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS AND SOCIETIES (SL)

Possible 3 college credits

Cost: IB Subject Fee or Approximately $91 (AP)

Full Year 1 unit (standards) Grades 11-12

There is no prerequisite, however independent work at an accelerated level will be expected. This course can be taken concurrently with other science courses (i.e. Regents Chemistry / Physics or AP Biology).

International Baccalaureate Environmental Systems and Societies (ESS) provides students with an opportunity to more deeply explore issues related to humans and their interactions with their surrounding environment. Although the primary intent of this course will be to view issues through essentially scientific lenses, the course does incorporate both moral and political perspectives of the issues. Issues to be examined in this course may include environmental pollution, global warming, population growth, resource exploitation, and the human component of the biosphere. This course will be taught at the Standard Level to students in grade 11 or grade 12.

0220 ECOLOGY 1 0219 ECOLOGY 2

0220 ECOLOGY 1

0219 ECOLOGY 2

Half Year each .5 unit each (Standards) Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of one unit of Living Environment, at least one Regents Physical Setting course, and prior or concurrent enrollment in a third unit of science.

*these two courses are independent of one another and may be taken in any order.

Ecology is the study of various ecosystems, man’s ecological history, areas of economic and ecological significance, and societal issues related to today’s ecological problems. Some of Ecology is learned firsthand through field trips to bogs, streams, ponds, fields, and Canandaigua Lake. Some of Ecology is learned through experimentation in the classroom and some of Ecology is learned through research and writing assignments. Individual and group projects on selected topics are an integral part of Ecology as are laboratory experiences.

There is no lab period component to Ecology but that does not preclude laboratory experiences nor written laboratory reflections.

Ecology 1 will study the topics of: Fundamentals of Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Water & Our Connections, Waste Reduction, Natural History, Agriculture & the Food Industry and any other topics that are timely relevant.

Ecology 2 will study the topics of: Fundamentals of Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Water & Our Connections, Waste Reduction, Horticulture, Energy & Its Consequences and any other topics that are timely relevant.

0217 APPLIED SCIENCE 1 0218 APPLIED SCIENCE 2

0217 APPLIED SCIENCE 1

0218 APPLIED SCIENCE 2

Half Year each .5 unit each (Standards) Grades 11-12

* Please note that this course is not an approved Science course through the NCAA clearinghouse.

Prerequisite: There is no prerequisite. These two courses are independent of one another and may be taken in any order.

The Applied Science courses will focus on improving students' scientific, mathematical, research, communication and study skills. An emphasis on current topics in the news will be used to teach material as it applies to today’s world. Some examples of such topics are: deep water drilling, oil spills, alternative energy sources, fracking, and global warming.

Applied Science 1 - has been designed to explore the Living Environment topics of vaccines and immunity, nutritional relationships, negative environmental impacts, and conservation efforts.

Applied Science 2 - has been designed to include a review and application of the Physical Setting concepts of mapping, rocks and minerals, meteorology, the dynamic crust, and surface processes.

0234 FORENSICS

0234 FORENSICS

Half Year .5 unit (Standards) Grades 11-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of one unit of Living Environment, at least one Regents Physical Setting and prior or concurrent enrollment in a third unit of standards based science.

This course is designed for the student who wishes to experience practical applications in all of the sciences with an emphasis on biology. Collection and analysis of evidence and reasoning skills will be emphasized. Many hands-on activities will supplement classroom presentations and fieldwork.